Snow & Ice 101

Commercial Snow Removal Explained!!

Snow Stacking: A Matter of Planning


Snow Stacking is the standard way of storing snow during the winter. An alternative way is to haul the snow away, but that's an expensive alternative we'll talk about in another post. So, if it's the standard way, it's a straightforward process, right? Wrong! Snow stacking can become quite large on commercial properties so significant planning must be done before the season even begins to determine the best place to store it. In last month's post, BE AWARE OF BLACK ICE!, we explained that black ice is formed when the snow melts and re-freezes, increasing the risk of slip-and-fall accidents — and you don't want that in your property!!!

Additional problems with large piles of snow are that it can get hard and damage equipment, it can take unnecessary parking space or block handicap ramps, walkways or fire hydrants. So careful pre-season planning is necessary.

So, what do we look at when we're prescreening our client's commercial properties in order to determine where we'll stack snow that season?

    1.  We walk the site with our clients to understand where the client would like to have the snow stacked. 
    2. We review where drains, fire hydrants, mailboxes, electric boxes, dumpsters, and handicap ramps are located to make sure we're not obstructing it.
    3. The stack of snow can get pretty large, so we look for a place where it won't obstruct driver's view of the traffic.
    4.  We look for a place near drains so the water has a place to go when it starts melting.

The bottom line is that snow stacking is a matter of common sense, it will never be placed near the entrance of a building for example. However, if not planned correctly, it can become an issue during the high season.

Have you planned where your snow will be stacked this winter season? If you're unsure, give us a call: 914.371.5245 

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Be aware of black ice!

Be aware of black Ice by ADR Snow Management
Slips, trips, and falls cost American businesses over $11 billion per year according to Bic Magazine. OSHA reported in its 2015 report on Walking/Working Surfaces that "slips, trips, and falls constitute the majority of general industry accidents. They cause 15% of all accidental deaths, and are second only to motor vehicles as a cause of fatalities." Ref: Safety and Health Topics | Walking/Working Surfaces. (2015). 

These metrics are important to us in the snow removal business. During the snow season, slip-and-fall accidents can happen outside due to black ice, which is a thin coating of transparent ice nearly invisible to the eye, on sidewalks and parking lots and even inside when snow and slush are brought in from outside.

At ADR Snow Management we are proactive at taking care of our customers' properties during the snow seasons to avoid slip and fall accidents. However, we believe a broader approach to slip-and-fall accidents, that involves business owners, the snow management company, employees and even clients, should be considered. They are:

  1. Education, education, education: Educate your employees on how to prevent slip and fall, for example: Walk slowly and consciously when snow or ice is present, wear appropriate shoes, etc
  2. Planning: Work with your snow management company to create a snow management plan of action.
    • Review slip and fall accidents in the past few years to determine where most accidents happened and focus on those areas
    • Plan where snow will be stored so you won't be producing black ice as the snow melts and re-freezes, which is a liability 
    • Inspect your property regularly, anticipate slippery surfaces and report to your snow management company of an issue
  3. Signage: Place warning cones in your parking lots and sidewalks where black ice is likely to form, such as in shady place, under trees, etc. And also place wet floor signs at the entrance of your building to remind employees and clients of imminent danger of slip and fall

If you have any questions, always feel free to give us a call at 914.371.5245.

We care about your safety! 

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Deicing & Salting? What are they and when to use each?


Do you know the difference between deicing, salting, liquid deicer or granular deicer?


There are so many terminologies and they are used interchangeably, not to say incorrectly, season-in and season-out. So we'll bring order to chaos.

Let's start by defining deicing. Deicing is the term using to describe the process of removing snow, ice or frost from surfaces, be it roads, driveways, walkways, cars, airplanes or anything else.

Deicing is a process and can be accomplished through:

  • mechanic methods such as scraping, blowing or pushing
  • use of heat
  • application of liquid or solid chemicals that lower the freezing point of water, or
  • combination of the methods above.

So you see, scrapping the windows of your car is deicing as much it is to apply salt to a parking lot.

As per the definition, deicing can be accomplished by using a combination of deicing methods. Pre-treating the surface before the snow starts which will make now plowing easier.

Salt is the traditional deicer, but the type of salt used depends on ground temperature and contract requirements.

There are several types of chemical salts, these are the three most used by the snow removal industry: 
Rock salt is the most inexpensive type of salt and widely used. However, rock salt needs to be used in the right concentration because it can be toxic to plants, animals, and waterways, and cause corrosion of steel. Another downside of rock salt is that it freezes below 0 oF, so it doesn't do much good when the temperature is lower than 0 oF
Calcium Chloride can prevent freezing at a temperature as low as −62 °F and is relatively harmless to plants and soil.
Magnesium Chloride is highly soluble in water and can be extracted from brine or sea water. Magnesium chloride resists to low temperatures, like calcium chloride, but it doesn't damage concrete as much as calcium chloride does. It can be mixed together with salt to spread on paved roads and sidewalks.
How about liquid deicers? 

Liquid Deicers has been in the market for a while now, but it's not requested very often for commercial properties. The advantage of liquid deicer is that it's cheaper per application, it can cause less damage and lower labor cost. However it does take longer than traditional salt melt ice, so it's best as a pre-treatment.

There you have it!! Salting & deicing demystified!

As always, the ADR Snow Management team is here to help. Call us at 914.371.5245 to talk about your commercial property snow management needs.

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Snow Plowing Best Practices for Commercial Properties

Snow Plowing Best Practices For Commercial Properties

When we think of snow plowing services the first thing that comes to mind is a big truck with a blade scrapping roads, driveways, and parking lots. But did you know there is much more to that?

To start each snowfall is unique and requires the snow removal company to know how to work most efficiently in each case. To complicate things further, more often than not, the type of snowfall changes during the snowstorm, requiring snow plow operators to adjust the way, frequency, and direction of plowing.

Then, there is snow accumulation. In Westchester, NY, we get an average of 37 inches of snow per year! That's a lot of snow that gets accumulated. In colder winters that accumulation turns to hard solid ice. Accumulated snow can occupy many parking spaces on your parking lot or even block entrance/exit if not done properly. 

So the question is, how to properly manage snow accumulated by snow plowing?


At ADR Snow Management, we don't just plow snow, we manage snow and ice on commercial properties. Snow plowing is one of the services on our portfolio but, to keep the properties clean and people safe, we create a custom snow and ice management plan for each of our clients.

Before the snow season starts, we meet with our client and do a full site inspection. During this inspection, we determine where snow will be accumulated, or if it will be hauled away from the property, building entrance is mapped out as well as curbs, drainage, steps, and ramps. So we leave nothing to guesswork.

After the property is plowed, we apply de-icers to prevent ice and costly slip and fall accidents. We'll talk about types of de-icers next blog post, so stay tuned.

If you have now started planning for this upcoming winter season, feel free to give us a call at 914.347.4685 to schedule a free consultation. 

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What is Snow Removal?

Snow removal is the job of removing snow accumulated after a snowfall to make roads safe to travel, parking lots cleared, sidewalks safe for pedestrians. Business owners are legally responsible for snow-related accidents in their properties, thus the importance of a hiring a great and fully insured snow management company to take care of your property during the winter months.

There are many types of snow removal services and the services provided depend on several factors, such as the type of commercial property, weather conditions, snow type, contract and client requirement. In general, however, these are the industry standard snow removal services:

  • Snow Plowing 
  • Snow Removal
  • Snow Pushes
  • Salting/De-icing
  • Snow Shoveling
  • Snow Blowing
  • Snow Hauling

In the next posts, we'll detail each one of them for you.

Stay tuned,

ADR Snow Management Team

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